In recent weeks, US and allied forces deployed in Iraq and Syria as part of an international anti-jihadist coalition have faced a series of drone and missile attacks. While no officially recognized group has claimed responsibility for these attacks, Washington has asserted that Tehran is involved and has warned of a decisive response.
These attacks are linked to the recent war between Israel and Hamas, which was sparked by a Hamas attack from Gaza and led to a robust response from Israel. Armed factions close to Iran have threatened to target US interests due to Washington’s support for Israel. Groups such as Hezbollah have demanded the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq under the threat of severe consequences.
The “Islamic Resistance in Iraq,” although not government-affiliated, has claimed many of the recent attacks against US forces. The Pentagon has stated that these organizations are supported by the Iranian regime and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
Although the attacks have so far resulted in minor injuries and limited material damage, there is growing concern about a possible escalation. With approximately 2,500 US troops in Iraq and 900 in Syria, these tensions raise questions about the continued presence of US forces in the region. Despite US forces in Iraq primarily engaging in advisory and training tasks, the risk of significant escalation persists, especially if the attacks result in direct US casualties.